FCI-Standard N° 148 /
13. 07. 2001 / GB
TRANSLATION : Mr. Paschoud
and his collaborators, updated by Mrs.C.Seidler.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD
UTILIZATION : Hunting dog above and below
CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. : Group 4 Dachshunds. With
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY : The Dachshund,
also called Dackel or Teckel,
has been known since the Middle Ages. From the
« Bracken », dogs were constantly
bred which were specially suitable for
hunting below ground. From these short
legged dogs, the Dachshund evolved and
was recognised as one of the most versatile
and useful breeds of hunting
dogs. He also has excellent achievements above ground,
hunting while giving
tongue, searching and tracking wounded game. The oldest Club
devoted to the
breeding of Dachshunds is the « Deutsche Teckelklub » e.V., founded in
For decades the Dachshund has been bred in three sizes (Teckel,
Miniature Teckel and
Rabbit Teckel) and in three different kinds of coat
(Smooth-haired, Wire-haired and Long-haired).
APPEARANCE : Low, short legged, elongated but compact build, very
with cheeky, challenging head carriage and alert facial expression.
His general appearance is
typical of his sex. In spite of his legs being
short in relation to the long body, he is very mobile
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS : With the distance above
ground level of about one third of the
height at withers, the body length
should be in harmonious relation to height at withers, about 1 to 1,7 -
BEHAVIOUR /TEMPERAMENT : Friendly by nature, neither
nervous nor aggressive,
with even temperament. Passionate, persevering and
fast hunting dog with an excellent nose.
HEAD : Elongated
as seen from above and in profile. Tapering uniformly towards
leather yet not pointed. Superciliary ridges clearly defined. Nasal cartilage
bridge of nose, long and narrow.
Skull : Rather flat, gradually merging with the slightly arched
Stop : Only indicated.
Nose : Leather well developed.
Long, sufficiently broad and strong. Can be opened wide, split to level
of eye. Lips : Taut fitting, covering the lower jaw well.
Jaws/Teeth : Well developed upper and lower jaw. Scissor bite, even
and closing firmly. Ideally, complete set of 42 teeth according to requirements
for a dog's mouth with strong Canines exactly fitting into each other.
Eyes : Medium size, oval, set well apart, with clear energetic yet
friendly expression. Not piercing. Colour bright, dark reddish brown to blackish
brown in all coat colours. Wall, fish or pearl eyes in dapple dogs are not
desired but may be tolerated.
Ears : Set on high, not too far forward.
Sufficiently long but not exaggerated. Rounded, not narrow, pointed or folded.
Mobile with front edge lying close to cheek.
Sufficiently long, muscular. Tight fitting skin on throat. Lightly arched nape
of neck, carried freely and high.
: Upper line :
Blending harmoniously from neck to slightly sloping croup.
Back : Behind the high withers, topline running from the
straight or slightly inclined to the rear. Firm and
Loins : Strongly muscled. Sufficiently
Croup : Broad and sufficiently long. Slightly
Chest : Sternum well developed and so prominent that slight
appear on either side. The ribcage, seen from the front, is oval.
Seen from above
and the side, it is roomy, giving plenty of space for the
heart and lung development.
Ribs carried well back. With correct length and
angulation of shoulder blade and upper arm,
the front leg covers the lowest
point of the sternal line in profile.
Underline and Belly : Slight
TAIL : Not set on too high, carried in
continuation of topline.
A slight curve in the last third of the tail is
General : Strongly muscled, well angulated. Seen from front,
clean front legs,
standing straight with good strength of bone; feet pointing
Shoulders : Pliant muscles. Long sloping shoulder
blade, fitting close to chest.
Upper arm : Equal in length to shoulder
blade, set almost at right angle to same.
Strong boned and well muscled,
close fitting to ribs but free in movement.
Elbows : Turning neither
in nor out.
Forearm : Short, yet so long that the dog's distance from
the ground is about
one third of its height at withers. As straight as
Pastern joints : Slightly closer together than the shoulder
Pastern : Seen from the side, should be neither steep nor
Front feet : Toes close
together, well arched with strong, resistant,
well cushioned pads and short
strong nails. The fifth toe has no function but
must not be
General : Strongly muscled,
in correct proportion to forequarters.
Strong angulation of stifles and hock
joints. Hindlegs parallel standing neither
close nor wide apart.
thigh : Should be of good length and well muscled.
: Broad and strong with pronounced angulation.
Lower thigh : Short,
almost at right angle to upper thigh. Well muscled.
Hock joint :
Clean with strong tendons.
Hock : Relatively long, mobile
towards lower thigh. Lightly curved forward.
Hind feet : Four close
knit toes, well arched. Standing firmly on strong pads.
MOVEMENT : Movement should be ground covering, flowing
with far reaching front strides without much lift, and strong rear
movement should produce slightly springy transmission to backline. Tail
carried in harmonious continuation of backline, slightly sloping.
Front and hindlegs
have parallel movement.
SKIN : Tight
HAIR : Short, dense,
shiny, smooth fitting, tight and harsh. Not
showing any bald patches
Tail : Fine, fully but not too profusely coated. Somewhat
guard hair on underside is not a fault.
COLOUR : a)
Whole-coloured : Red, reddish yellow, yellow, all with or
interspersed black hairs. A clear colour is preferable and red is of
than reddish yellow or yellow. Even dogs with strongly
interspersed black hairs
are classed as whole-colour, not as other colours.
White is not desired but single
small spots do not disqualify. Nose and nails
black. reddish-brown is also
permissible but not desirable.
Two-coloured : Deep black or brown, each with tan or yellow
Brand ») over eyes, on sides of muzzle and of lower lip, on inner
leathers, on forechest, on inside and rear side of legs, also on the
round the vent and from there reaching to about one third or one-half
underside of the tail. Nose and nails black in black dogs, brown in
White is not desired but single small spots do not disqualify.
Tan or yellow
marking (« Brand ») too wide spread is undesirable.
Dappled (Tiger-brindle, brindle) : The basic colour is always the
colour (black, red or grey). Desired are irregular grey or beige
(large patches not desired). Neither the dark nor the light colour
predominant. The colour of a brindle Dachshund is red or yellow
with darker brindle.
Nose and toenails are the same as with the whole- and
HAIR : With exception
of muzzle, eyebrows and leathers, perfectly even
close fitting, dense wiry
topcoat with undercoat. The muzzle has a clearly defined beard.
bushy. On the leathers, the coat is shorter than on the body, almost smooth.
Tail : Well and evenly covered with close fitting
COLOUR : Dominantly light to dark wild boar colour as
well as colour of
dry leaves. Otherwise same colours as described under
HAIR : The sleek
shiny coat, with undercoat and close fitting to body,
is longer at the throat
and on underside of body. On leathers the hair must
extend beyond the lower
edge of ears (feathering). Distinct feathers on rear
side of legs. Achieves
its greatest length on underside of tail and there forms
COLOUR : As described in Smooth-haired
SIZE AND WEIGHT/ IMPORTANT MEASUREMENTS
Dachshund : Circumference of chest 35 cm. Upper weight limit about 9
Miniature Dachshund : Circumference of chest from 30 to 35 cm
at least 15 months old.
Rabbit Dachshund : Chest
circumference up to 30 cm measured when
at least 15 months.
: Standard Dachshund up to about 9 kg.
FAULTS : Any
departure from the foregoing points should be
considered a fault and the
seriousness with which the fault should be
regarded should be in exact
proportion to its degree.
· M3 (Molar 3) are not to be considered when
judging. Lack of
2PM1 (Premolar 1) is not to be penalised. The absence of
be regarded as a fault, if other than M3, no other teeth are
missing, also a
departure from the correctly closing scissor
SERIOUS FAULTS :
· Weak, long-legged
or body trailing on ground.
· The absence of teeth other than those
described among « faults » or
« eliminating faults ».
· Wall eye in any colour
other than dapple.
· Pointed, very folded ear leathers.
suspended between shoulders.
· Hollow back, roach back.
· Marked running up at rear (croup higher than
· Chest too weak.
· Flanks with whippety-like tuck
· Badly angulated fore- and hindquarters.
hindquarters, lacking muscle.
· Cow hocks or bow legs.
Feet turning markedly inwards or outwards.
· Splayed toes.
Heavy, clumsy, waddling movement.
SMOOTH -HAIRED DACHSHUND :
· Coat too fine or thin.
Bald patches on leathers (leather ear), other bald areas.
· Coat much
too coarse and much too profuse.
· Brush like tail.
partially or wholly hairless.
· Black colour without any marking («
WIRE-HAIRED DACHSHUND :
· Soft coat,
whether long or short.
· Long coat, standing away from body in all
· Curly or wavy coat.
· Soft coat on
· Flag on tail.
· Lack of beard.
· Lack of
· Short coat.
LONG-HAIRED DACHSHUND :
· Coat of equal length all over body.
· Wavy or shaggy
· Lack of flag (tail).
· Lack of overhanging
feathering on ears.
· Short coat.
· Pronounced parting in coat on
· Hair too long between toes.
· Very anxious or aggressive nature.
Overshot or undershot mouth, wry mouth.
· Faulty position of the
· Absence of one or more canines; absence of one or
· Lack of other premolars or molars.
Exceptions : The
two PM1, one PM2 without consideration of M3, as mentioned under
· Chest : Sternum cut off.
· Any fault of
· Very loose shoulders.
· Knuckling over in
· Black colour without markings (Brand); white colour with
or without markings (Brand).
· Colours other than those listed under
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural
abnormalities shall be disqualified.
N.B. : Male animals
should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the